Causes, symptoms and treatment of intracranial hypertension

Intracranial hypertension is characterised by an increase in the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid in the cranium. The cranium is composed of brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid and blood vessels. It is a cavity that protects the brain. However, when this cavity of the brain malfunctions, it can have serious consequences. Therefore, it is important to know the causes to avoid intracranial hypertension, the signs and the treatment to save your life.

Causes and symptoms of intracranial hypertension

High pressure on fragile structures in the head can cause irreversible damage to the bone structure. It is therefore essential to check your intracranial pressure every time to make sure you do not have too high an ICP. To do this, visit for tips on how to measure intracranial pressure. 

Intracranial hypertension occurs as a result of expansive, non-expansive lesional or figurative and benign. The expansive may be a tumour, intracerebral haematoma or hydrocephalus. Non-expansive figurations can be a blockage of the venous drainage system by thrombophlebitis, venous hypertension or infection. 

These causes lead to chronic headaches in people with intracranial hypertension, which usually occur in the morning and at night. These headaches worsen over time. In addition, nausea or vomiting is frequently experienced by these people. Other symptoms of intracranial hypertension include cognitive impairment, visual disturbances such as blurred vision, tinnitus, dizziness and changes in temperament and irritability.

Treatment for intracranial hypertension

Intracranial hypertension is a serious disease that must be treated as soon as the first symptoms appear. It is treated as an emergency depending on the clinical progress of the symptoms and the results of additional examinations. Indeed, the first step in treatment is to establish the symptoms. 

Then, an emergency surgical intervention by an external ventricular shunt is performed. This operation reduces the pressure on the brain structures. This pressure can lead to irreversible damage and even death. The removal of the tumour or haematoma responsible for the intracranial hypertension is another solution to cure the condition.